Iraq’s Tribes Sign Pact for Peaceful Coexistence in Nineveh Plains Area
ICC Note: Tribes located in a sub-district in the Nineveh Plains area have signed an honorary pact for the peaceful coexistence of the tribes. They pledge to allow the state’s justice and security process to rule rather than tribal vengeance. It also includes provisions to stand in solidarity with those whose lives were affected by ISIS.
08/11/2018 Iran (SANAD) – On August 9, tribal and community leaders, representatives of the Permanent Higher Committee for Coexistence and Social Peace at the General Secretariat of the Council of Ministers, and the local government in Nineveh Governorate and in Tal Afar District signed an agreement covering peaceful coexistence among Ayadiyah citizens, between surrounding communities, and with the local and central government in Al-Ayadiyah. The agreement allows for the facilitation of return processes for internally displaced persons (IDPs) to the town, which number around 40,000 persons inside Ayadiyah Center and its surrounding villages.
The agreement, signed by more than 90 tribal and community leaders from Ayadiyah, is the result of an initiative led and implemented by Sanad for Peacebuilding (Sanad), a non-governmental, non-profit organization promoting peace and non-violence, and Iraq’s National Reconciliation Committee, acting under the Permanent Higher Committee of Peaceful Co-Existence and Social Peace. The initiative, supported by the United States Institute of Peace (USIP), involved facilitated dialogues and consultations with tribal leaders and local government officials from Ayadiyah to have a better understanding of the main challenges and opportunities to achieving peaceful coexistence, support for the rule of law, and stability after liberating the region from the Islamic State.
“This agreement is a very important development to the area as it is enforcing the mutual trust between the population of Ayadiyah who are still displaced in KRI, Mosel and Turkey. This agreement is a message to all of Ayadiyah’s population that there is still hope in the return to their town,” said Nasha’at Sadiq Mohammed, Chair of Ayadiyah Local Council.
Among other things, the agreement commits tribes to the state’s justice and security process instead of tribal justice, which has at times triggered vengeful acts. The main points of the agreement include:
Commits tribal authorities to the state and rule of law, disavowing violence to seek justice;
Commits tribal authorities to cooperate with security agencies in the pursuit of ISIS members and suspects;
Commits tribal authorities to move beyond parochial identities by giving priority to national identity.
The agreement also aims to allay sectarian and extremist narratives and mandates a tribal and local peace committee to follow-up on the implementation of the above points.
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