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ICC Note:

A report by Human Rights Watch says that China’s campaign against corruption is built on torture and secret detentions. The system known as “shuanggui” has seen many, including prominent human rights lawyers, secretly detained for long periods of time and their families placed under house arrest. Its measures, which are not based on law, often include torture, sleep deprivation, and beatings. The Human Rights Watch China director said “President Xi has built his anti-corruption campaign on an abusive and illegal detention system.” The abuse has reached a level, the report says, that the government has hired more medical professionals to reduce the number of deaths in the shanggui system, which are a source of embarrassment for the government. This system not only impacts lawyers but Christian leaders as well, an increasing number of which have disappeared or experienced torture over the last year under this “anti-corruption” campaign.

12/7/2016 China (Radio Free Asia) – Chinese President Xi Jinping’s signature anti-corruption campaign relies on a secretive detention system internal to the ruling Chinese Communist Party that routinely tortures suspects to gain confessions, a new report has found.

The “shuanggui” system run by the party’s Central Commission for Discipline Inspection has no basis in Chinese law, but is the first to detain and question officials for suspected corruption, often holding them for long periods in secret and placing their family members under house arrest.

And according to a new report from the New York-based Human Rights Watch (HRW), detainees under its “special measures” are often subjected to prolonged sleep deprivation, enforced stress positions, deprivation of food and water, and beatings.

“President Xi has built his anti-corruption campaign on an abusive and illegal detention system,” HRW China director Sophie Richardson said in a statement on the group’s website.

“Torturing suspects to confess won’t bring an end to corruption, but will end any confidence in China’s judicial system,” she said.

HRW called on the Chinese government to abolish the shuanggui system, which is an extrajudicial process that takes place before any criminal charges are laid, and which sets a detailed blueprint for all the judicial processes that follow.

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