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ICC Note:

Christianity remains illegal for many Christians in India’s Chhattisgarh state. In July 2014, several villages in Chhattisgarh’s Bastar District made Christianity effectively illegal by village ordinance. Local Hindu hardliners have used these laws to justify all out assaults on local Christians as well as for social boycotts that have cut local Christians off from using village water wells, harvesting crops, grazing cattle, or even shopping in local stores. Christian leaders have challenged these village ordinances in court, but the court process has taken more than a year to come to the aid of these suffering Christians. 

11/20/2015 India (Vatican Radio) – Church leaders in the North Indian state of Chhattisgarh are struggling against a local law that helps Hindu hard-liners stop Christian missionaries from setting foot in certain villages.

“The atmosphere in the state is not very conducive for Christians anymore,” said Father Abraham Kannampala, vicar general of Jagdalpur Diocese. “We feel threatened as we are a small minority.”

In the latest incident, a Pentecostal gathering in Kohkameta village of Baster district was attacked on Nov. 15. Assailants dragged worshippers from the church, beat them with sticks and causing several injuries demanding that they reconvert to Hinduism, witnesses reported. Other villagers were forced to sign statements in which they expressed the renunciation to Christianity.

Baster district has faced increasing anti-Christian violence for almost a year, after some Hindu groups sought to ban Christian missionaries from entering villages by passing resolutions in village bodies.

They attach legitimacy to such resolutions by saying that state legislation for village-level governments has banned “non-Hindu religious propaganda, prayers and speeches in villages.”

As reported to Fides by the Indian Christian Activist Network, the attack intended to put an end to all Christian activities in the village. Despite death threats, the Christians attacked reported the incident to the police and the media.

In a note sent to Fides, Mgr. Felix Machado, Bishop of Vasai and President of the Office for Ecumenism and Interreligious Dialogue in the Federation of Asian Bishops’ Conferences (FABC), noted with regret that “in India, murders, burning of sacred sites, fires of religious institutions occur “in the name of an ideology, Hindutva, which is pursuing “the project of India as a Hindu nation”, while conversions to other religions “are seen as a threat to India’s national integrity and a key factor for the alleged decline of Hinduism”.

“The issue of religious freedom in India – observes the Bishop – has become extremely complex in recent years. Several Indian States have enacted anti-conversion laws, measures which effectively limit religious freedom”.

The Chhattisgarh Christian Forum last year challenged the clause in the state High Court, asking that it be struck down because it violates the Indian Constitution, which allows citizens the freedom to believe and propagate a religion of choice.

The High Court, while awaiting the state response, said Oct. 6 that the law should not interfere with the fundamental rights of any citizen to “preach and propagate” his or her faith.

Despite the court order, villages continue to ban Christian missionaries, Arun Pannalal, the Christian forum president told ucanews.com.

The court’s interim order granted three weeks more for the state to respond to the challenge. A final verdict on the validity of the clause can come only after hearing from the state.

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