Everything You Need to Know Regarding Meriam Yahia Ibrahim’s Case

Timeline

Meriam Yahia Ibrahim's Case Timeline

Case Summary

Meriam Yahia Ibrahim, a Christian mother who birthed her second child while in prison, was sentenced to 100 lashes and death by hanging on charges of adultery and apostasy on May 15. Born to a Muslim father who left her and her mother at age 6, Meriam was raised an Orthodox Christian in Western Sudan. Meriam is a graduate of Khartoum University, a medical professional (she studied to be a doctor) and married to a Christian by the name of Daniel Wani. Daniel, who possesses dual South Sudanese and American citizenship, is confined to a wheelchair as result of his struggle with muscular dystrophy. Before her arrest, detention, conviction, sentencing, release, and now ongoing attempt to depart Sudan, Meriam and Daniel regularly attended St. Matthew’s in Khartoum with their then-only son, Martin.

Meriam was arrested by Sudan’s Public Order Police for committing adultery and apostasy, who were allegedly tipped off to Meriam and Daniel’s marriage by an immediate family member. Some have speculated the tip was placed in response to financial or familial conflict.

Meriam was formally charged with adultery and apostasy on March 4, convicted of both charges on May 11 and subsequently sentenced to 100 lashes and death on May 15. Having been birthed to a Muslim father, Meriam was considered a Muslim in the eyes of the Sudanese court. As such, Meriam’s Christian faith was considered an act of apostasy (or the crime of leaving Islam, which is punishable by death in Sudan) and her faithful marriage to Daniel, an act of adulterous sexual relation.

On May 22, Meriam’s defense team—composed of lawyers provided by a Khartoum-based human rights organization—submitted her letter of appeal to the Khartoum Court of Appeals. That court convened a committee to issues a determination as to whether the Court of Appeals will or will not hear Meriam’s case on May 29, which formally began its deliberations on Sunday, June 1.

After Sudanese Foreign Ministry official, Abdullahi Alzareg, implied to the BBC while in London that Meriam was going to be released, the government of Sudan released its only official statement regarding Meriam’s case thus far. The statement can be read in-full here.

In the early morning of May 27, Meriam gave birth to hers and Daniel’s second child, Maya. Denied access to a private medical facility, Meriam was forced to give birth while shackled to the floor of the Omdurman Federal Women’s Prison hospital wing. Daniel was barred from witnessing the birth.

On June 12, International Christian Concern (ICC) co-sponsored a protest #ForMeriam in front of the White House. More than 100 concerned citizens, human rights and religious freedom activists and spiritual leaders gathered to call on President Obama and Secretary Kerry to publicly mention Meriam by name, exert pressure on the government of Sudan for her release and to grant Meriam asylum. Later that same day, Secretary Kerry issued formal remarks condemning Sudan’s executions, calling for Meriam’s release and stressing the importance of the respect of human rights and religious freedom. Read the remarks in-full here.

On June 13, ICC co-sponsored a follow-up protest in front of the Sudanese Embassy in Washington, D.C. With more than 30 gathered, demonstrators called on the government of Sudan to release Meriam. ICC’s Advocacy Director, Isaac Six, was granted access to the embassy to submit ICC’s petition with more than 10,000 signatures demanding Meriam’s “immediate and unconditional release.” Though the embassy refused to accept the petition, ICC has since delivered the petition (which can be viewed here) to the Embassy electronically.

On June 23, Meriam, Martin, and Maya were released from the Omdurman Federal Women’s Prison. That morning, the Khartoum Court of Appeals overturned the decision of a lower court, acquitting Meriam of all charges, recognizing her previously annulled marriage to Daniel as legal and ordering hers and her children’s immediate release.

The following morning, Meriam, Daniel, Martin and Maya were detained by 40 members of Sudan’s National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS) at an airport in Khartoum for “national security concerns.” The Ibrahims were attempting to board a flight to South Sudan, at the time of the arrest.

After the Ibrahims’ “brief” detention, Meriam was released into the custody of local law enforcement for questioning over what Sudan considered to be “irregularities” in documentation she and Daniel had provided airport staff: travel papers issued by the South Sudanese Charge d’Affaires and a U.S. visa.

On June 25, Meriam was charged with falsifying documents and presenting false information, punishable by up to 7-years imprisonment, and detained at the al-Shareed police station in Khartoum. Initial reports that Daniel had been charged as an accessory to the fact have since been excused.

After a three-day detention, Meriam was released from the al-Shareed police station, at which time she joined her family under the protection of the United States, where they now remain.

After her release from the police station, the family filed a claim for custody of Meriam, which they later dropped just one day before their hearing in  Family Court, which had been scheduled for July 17.

On July 18, the family filed an appeal to the decision to release and acquit Meriam with Sudan’s Supreme Court, which has yet to announce its decision as to whether it will or will not hear the appeal.

Prosecutors have threatened to press criminal charges against Meriam for her having allegedly forged documents and provided false information in  trying to leave the country with her family in June, though no charges have formally been raised at this time.

At present, the Ibrahim’s defense lawyers, along with U.S. and other foreign diplomats, continue to push for travel documents to be issued to Meriam, Martin and Maya so that the family can legally leave the country. Sudanese authorities have yet to do so.

Wednesday, July 23, just hours before the Ibrahims’ departure from Sudan, the House Foreign Affairs Committee’s Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations held a hearing on “The Troubling Case of Meriam Ibrahim.”

That same night, Deputy Minister Lapo Pistelli of the Italian Foreign Ministry chartered a plane from Rome to Khartoum in order to pick-up the Ibrahim family. Arriving in the early morning hours of Thursday, July 24, Meriam, Daniel, Martin and Maya stepped onto the tarmac of Rome’s Ciampino Airport free at last. Within hours, the family was received by Pope Francis himself at the Vatican, who characterized Meriam as “a symbol for standing up for religious freedom.”

What You Did

ICC delivered more than 10,000 of your signatures to the doorstep of the Sudanese Embassy in Washington, D.C. on June 14 as a co-organizer of two, back-to-back rallies demanding Meriam’s freedom. See a copy of the final petition, here. Thank you to all of those volunteered their signature for a mother’s freedom and a family’s safety!

Publications

For more information detailing how Meriam’s case has developed, International Christian Concern (ICC) has listed all of its publications detailing Meriam’s now quickly evolving situation below. Please feel free to reference  and distribute any of the following materials to your family, friends and colleagues:

07/27/2014 Meriam Announces Her and Her Family’s Plans to Settle in New Hampshire

07/26/2014 Senator Roy Blunt Celebrates Meriam Yahia Ibrahim’s Release

07/24/23014 NEWS RELEASE Meriam Ibrahim and Family Safe in Italy

07/23/2014 Congressional Subcommittee Holds Hearing on “Troubling Case of Meriam Ibrahim”

07/22/2014 Meriam and Family Facing New Barriers to Leaving Sudan

07/19/2014 Alleged Family Seeks Annulment of Meriam Ibrahim’s Marriage As Last Resort

07/17/2014 Meriam’s Alleged Family Drops Family Court Claim of Custody

07/09/2014 Congressman Says “Protecting Religious Freedom Abroad” Is “Imperative”

07/09/2014 Meriam’s Baby Daughter, Maya, to be Tested for Prison Birth-related Complications

07/08/2014 In Manchester, New Hampshire, a Community Waits for Meriam with Open Arms

07/03/2014 FEATURED ARTICLE “To Be Honest, I’m Really Miserable”

06/30/2014 Christian Persecution Widespread in Sudan Under Repressive al-Bashir Regime

06/27/2014 NEWS RELEASE Meriam Conditionally Released from Khartoum Police Custody

06/27/2014 Christian Persecution in the Sudan, What the Media Has Left Out

06/26/2014 Meriam in a “Safe Location,” Conditionally Released from Khartoum Police Station

06/26/2014 FEATURED ARTICLE Meriam Released from al-Shareed Police Station?

06/26/2014 Meriam Ibrahim’s Alleged Brother Says “Christians Deface Muslims’ Honor”

06/25/2014 Senator Roy Blunt Calls for Meriam Ibrahim’s Release on the Senate Floor

06/25/2014 Sudan Charges Meriam with 7-year Sentence, Detains Entire Ibrahim Family

06/25/2014 NEWS RELEASE Meriam Detained and Questioned over “Irregular” Paperwork

06/25/2014 Senator Marco Rubio Calls on State, Homeland Security to Ensure Meriam’s Safe Departure

06/24/2014 NEWS RELEASE Meriam, Husband, Toddler and Infant Re-Arrested for “National Security Concerns”

06/24/2014 Secretary Kerry “Welcomes” Meriam Ibrahim’s Release, Acquittal

06/23/2014 NEWS RELEASE Mother Sentenced to Death for Christian Faith Released, Returns Home

06/20/2014 Senator Cruz Calls Out President Obama Faith & Freedom Conference

06/19/2014 NEWS RELEASE 38 Members of Congress Urge Sec. Kerry to Prioritize Case of Meriam Ibrahim

06/19/2014 ICC Will Settle for Nothing Less than Meriam’s Release and Safe Relocation

06/18/2014 700 Students Join More than 1,000,000 Others in Signing #ForMeriam

06/17/2014 FEATURED ARTICLE 120 Days in Chains: Meriam Ibrahim’s Infuriating Incarceration

06/14/2014 ICC Protests #ForMeriam Mid-morning, Secretary Kerry Responds Mid-afternoon

06/14/2013 ICC Joins 39 Other Organizations at the White House to Protest #ForMeriam

06/13/2014 ICC Joins More than 100 Others in Protest #ForMeriam Outside White House Gate

06/12/2014 What Needs to be Done to Set a Mother Sentenced to Death in Sudan Free

06/11/2014 Why is Obama Silent about Meriam?

06/11/2014 European Commission, Council and Parliament Condemn Sudan

06/11/2014 House of Lords Demands Refugee Status for Meriam Ibrahim and Her Children

06/10/2014 NEWS RELEASE ICC to Host D.C. Demonstrations on Behalf of Mother Sentenced to Death in Sudan

06/10/2014 Court Begins Hearing Case of Mother Sentenced to Death for Her Christian Faith

06/09/2014 Court Committee Begins Deliberations on Appeal of Mother’s Death Sentence

06/07/2014 Obama Remains Silent as American’s Wife Remains on Death Row for Christian Faith 

06/06/2014 State Department Declining to Confirm Citizenship of Children in Sudanese Prison

06/06/2014 United States Senate Unanimously Approves Resolution in Support of Meriam

06/04/2014 NEWS RELEASE Concerned Christians Hold Protest Outside Sudanese Embassy in Ottawa

06/03/2014 Congressman: Meriam Ibrahim Should Be Granted Asylum Immediately

06/03/2014 Defense Lawyers for Mother Sentenced to Death for Her Faith Refute Possible Release

06/03/2014 Husband of Mother Sentenced to Death in Sudan Admits Fear for His Family’s Safety

06/02/2014 Sudan Cops Out of Promise to Release Mother on Death Row for Her Faith

05/31/2014 NEWS RELEASE Christian Mother to be Released to Nurse Newborn Before Being Executed

05/29/2014 Photos of Christian Woman’s Daughter, Born on Death Row, Released to the Public

05/27/2014 Sudanese Christian Sentenced to Death Gives Birth to Second Child in Prison

05/23/2014 Senators Implore Obama Admin. to Help Christian Mother on Death Row in Sudan

05/23/2014 Appeal to Challenge Death Sentence for Pregnant Christian Mother Submitted to Khartoum Court

05/21/2014 Representatives Wolf, Franks Call on Secretary Kerry to Grant Asylum to Mother on Death Row

05/21/2014 Christian News Org Calls on Secretary Kerry to Grant Asylum to Mother on Death Row

05/20/2014 Pregnant Mother and 20-Month-Old Son Await Appeal on Sudanese Death Row

05/19/2014 ICC Calls Attention to Sudan’s Sentencing to Death of a Pregnant Mother

05/16/2014 American “just praying” Over His Pregnant Wife’s Death Sentence for Her Christian Faith

05/15/2014 Representatives Trent Franks and Frank Wolf Speak Out Regarding Pregnant Mother’s Conviction

05/15/2014 FEATURED ARTICLE Hanging a Mother for Her Faith

05/13/2014 In A Country That Crucifies, A Pregnant Mother Faces Death for Clinging to the Cross

05/11/2014 NEWS RELEASE: Pregnant Mother Convicted of Apostasy by Sudanese Court as US Celebrates Mother’s Day

05/02/2014 NEWS RELEASE: ICC Calls on Government of Sudan to Release Christian Mother on Death Row

04/28/2014 Pregnant Mother in Sudan Faces 100 Lashings and Death for Christian Conversion

For Interviews, contact Cameron Thomas, Regional Manager for Africa:
RM-Africa@persecution.org

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