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ICC Note:
An Algerian Christian has now waited nine months for a court decision on his appeal. Krimo Siaghi who was accused of “proselytizing” and defaming Islam was sentenced to a longer prison term and bigger fine than what the prosecutors sought in the case. Siaghi was threatened by officers and the judge in the case because he had converted from Islam. While not illegal in Algeria it is considered apostasy and became the justification for his harsh sentencing in the case.
8/7/2013 Algeria (Morning Star News) – Nearly nine months since an Algerian court last heard his case, a Christian convert from Islam still awaits a ruling on the appeal of his unusually harsh sentence for allegedly “proselytizing” and defaming Islam and its prophet.
Krimo Siaghi (also known as Karim Siaghi) was arrested on April 14, 2011 in Oran, 470 kilometers (292 miles) west of Algiers, after a religious discussion with a phone shop merchant. Prosecutors had requested a sentence of only two years in prison and fine of 50,000 Algerian dinars (US$690), but Siaghi was sentenced to five years – the maximum under Algerian law – and a fine of 200,000 dinars (US$2,760).
The judge wrote in his May 2011 decision, “He denied the allegations, but his apostasy is a presumption of guilt.”
While Islam is the state religion in Algeria, apostasy (leaving Islam) and conversion are not illegal, according to the U.S. State Department’s 2012 Report on International Religious Freedom.
Siaghi, a 33-year-old married father of a toddler girl, told Morning Star News that after his arrest, police officers and the judge threatened him.
“You’re possessed by the devil,” one of the officers shouted at him, said Siaghi. He said another police officer threatened, “If you were my brother, I’d kill you.” Several policemen interrogated the “renegade” in turns, he said.
The judge who handed down the verdict told him before the hearing, Siaghi said, that leaving Islam for another religion was a crime, and, “You’ll regret it.”
Siaghi, who is not in prison pending his appeal, said he had gone to his neighborhood phone shop where the merchant questioned him about his religious beliefs. After Siaghi told him he did not believe in Islam since meeting his Savior, Jesus Christ, the seller tried to force him to recite the creed for converting to Islam. When Siaghi refused, the seller filed a complaint of “proselytizing” – trying to change another’s religion, whereas “evangelizing” is proclaiming the work of Christ in one’s life – and defaming Muhammad and Islam.
Siaghi denies he said anything against Islam. The phone shop seller failed to appear at the hearing, though his statement of the accusations were read in court.
The punishment the prosecutor requested was the minimum for Algerians guilty of insulting Muhammad or denigrating “the dogma or precepts of Islam, be it via writings, drawings, statements or any other means,” according to Article 144 of the Algerian Penal Code. Algeria’s Law 06-03 outlaws proselytizing Muslims and the distribution, production and storing of material used for that purpose. The Sate Department notes that the law makes anyone criminally liable who “incites, constrains, or utilizes means of seduction tending to convert a Muslim to another religion; or by using to this end establishments of teaching, education, health, social, culture, training … or any financial means.”

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