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ICC Note: Vietnam continues to be one of the most restrictive countries in Asia when it comes to religious freedom. Christians are monitored and only certain denominations are legally permitted to gather and operate. Pastors who choose to minister outside of those denominations or in unregistered churches risk arrest and harassment by authorities. Ethnic minority Christians, such as the Hmong in the Central Highlands, often face the worst persecution. 
6/24/2013 Vietnam (UCA News) – A joint press release, issued after this month’s talks in Rome between the Vatican and Vietnam, stressed Hanoi’s “respect and assurance of freedom of religion and religious beliefs, as well as continued encouragement of different religions, and the Vietnam Catholic Church in particular.”
However, in a recent interview with, Cardinal John Baptist Pham Minh Man of Ho Chi Minh City expressed a different point of view. In his opinion, the government’s policies on religion “make people threatened, doubtful and dissatisfied.”
Cardinal Man, 79, said the authorities state that their policies aim to ensure social order and security. But he said that “they govern the country with self-defence instincts, fearing for their own interests, rather than searching for humanitarian goodwill.”
He cited the Assembly of the Federation of Asian Bishops’ Conferences in Vietnam in December 2012. While it was widely praised for its smooth organization, He told that the preparations were plagued by difficulties and government interference. The government demanded lists of participants and invitation letters from the Vietnamese bishops before entry visas were issued. According to the cardinal, few if any other countries have such stringent procedures, especially when welcoming Church leaders.
He added that all religious activities undergo the same intense government scrutiny. “Religious freedom is a basic human right. It is unfair that the government takes it from people or grants it to them as it sees fit,” he said.

The situation does not look likely to improve in the immediate future: quite the contrary. Pham Dung, head of the Government Committee for Religious Affairs, said in May that the state’s 2004 Ordinance on Religion and Belief needs to be amended, “to keep pace with rapid changes in society.”
At the moment, religious organizations are only permitted by law to engage in humanitarian activities and pre-school education to a limited extent. Some observers fear that any upcoming law amendment will narrow the scope of Church activities even further.
Cardinal Man echoed the notion that government, to some extent, fears that religious groups may undermine its influence, so it keeps a tight rein on their involvement in areas such as education and healthcare.
“Early this year, the premier promised to satisfy the local Church’s desire for providing education and healthcare services for people,” said the cardinal, smiling broadly. “But he did not mention when.”

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