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ICC Note:
In lieu of the Obama Administration’s failure to apply appropriate political pressure on the Burmese government to live up to its social and cultural pledges to eradicate persecution and eliminate governmental and military violations of religious freedom, human rights advocates worldwide look to Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe to impose serious human rights redlines in negotiating Japanese foreign aid to Burma, in the coming week. Earlier this month, Burma was once again listed by the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) as a “Country of Particular Concern” (CPC) due to its “systematic, ongoing, and egregious” violations of religious freedom. The Commission’s justification for Burma’s unchanged  status cited continued attacks and sexual violence against, extrajudicial killings, arbitrary arrests and detentions, internal displacement, forced labor, portering, and recruitments of child soldiers of, and land confiscations from targeted ethnic minority Christians.
05/25/2013 Burma (Human Rights Watch) – Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe should make improving the human rights situation in Burma a top priority during his visit to the country this week, Human Rights Watch said today. Abe’s three-day visit, which begins May 24, 2013, will be the first by a Japanese leader to Burma in 36 years. Dozens of major Japanese corporations will accompany the prime minister.
Despite important changes in Burma, key human rights pledges by Burmese leaders remain unrealized. These include granting full humanitarian access to ethnic conflict areas, releasing all remaining political prisoners, amending abusive laws, and allowing the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to establish offices in the country.
“As Burma’s biggest aid donor and a major investor, Japan can play a critical role by pressing harder for human rights reforms and protections,” said Brad Adams, Asia director. “Aid and investment in Burma should not ignore needed reforms in the rule of law, transparency, and accountability.”
Japan is the largest aid donor to Burma, having extended US$500 million in the last year for concessional loans, and US$200 million in grant aid and technical assistance for agricultural development, health, and disaster preparedness. Abe is expected to announce a 50 percent increase in Overseas Development Assistance (ODA) during his visit, and a major program to revamp Burma’s postal system. Under the 1991 “Four Principles of ODA” and the ODA Charter of 1992, Japan has pledged to pay full attention to democracy, basic human rights, and freedoms in its aid decisions.
The Japanese government should ensure that investments and development projects do not contribute to land seizures and forced displacement throughout Burma. For instance, international telecommunications companies risk being linked to human rights abuses if they enter the Burmese market before adequate protections are in place. The Burmese government has not yet created a legal framework for the telecommunications sector that respects basic human rights, including the rights to freedom of expression and privacy. Two Japanese companies are participating in the tender process for two nationwide telecommunications licenses that Burma’s government will award in June.
“Japan has significant leverage to push the Burmese government in the right direction and pursue rights-respecting development that places public participation at its core,” Adams said.  “Japan’s leaders should make sure that implementation of their aid projects match the rights rhetoric around them.”

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