Islamic Law Commands Death for Apostasy
“A Christian pastor named Yusef Nadarkhani sits on death row, condemned to hang because he converted to Christianity from Islam. From around the world, indignation and pleas for clemency pour in. The Iranian regime is excoriated for its barbarism. And indeed, the Iranian legal code is barbaric,” Family Security Matters reports.
By Clare M. Lopez
10/26/2011 Iran (Family Security Matters) – In Iran, a Christian pastor named Yusef Nadarkhani sits on death row, condemned to hang because he converted to Christianity from Islam. From around the world, indignation and pleas for clemency pour in. The Iranian regime is excoriated for its barbarism. And indeed, the Iranian legal code is barbaric.
It is also firmly grounded in Islamic law, known as shariah. Shariah commands that any Muslim male who is mature and sane and willingly apostasizes from Islam must be executed. The Islamic scholars reached consensus (ijma) on this point when shariah was immutably codified in the early centuries after the death of the Muslim prophet Muhammad. The death penalty for apostasy is based on two Qur’anic verses and one important hadith from the authoritative collection of Bukhari.
Here are the citations from the Qur’an:
They ask thee concerning fighting in the Prohibited Month. Say: “Fighting therein is a grave (offence); but graver is it in the sight of Allah to prevent access to the path of Allah, to deny Him, to prevent access to the Sacred Mosque, and drive out its members.” Tumult and oppression are worse than slaughter. Nor will they cease fighting you until they turn you back from your faith if they can. And if any of you turn back from their faith and die in unbelief, their works will bear no fruit in this life and in the Hereafter; they will be companions of the Fire and will abide therein.
They but wish that ye should reject Faith, as they do, and thus be on the same footing (as they). But take not friends from their ranks until they flee in the way of Allah (from what is forbidden). But if they turn renegades, seize them and slay them wherever ye find them; and (in any case) take no friends or helpers from their ranks.
And this is what Bukhari tells us that Muhammad said:
“Whoever changed his Islamic religion, then kill him” (Bukhari 9.84.57)
No matter which school of Islamic jurisprudence one looks at – be it the four major Sunni schools (Hanafi, Hanbali, Maliki, or Shafi’i) or the main Shi’a school (Ja’afari) – it is the same: apostates from Islam must be killed.Most of the scholars agree that an apostate is to be given three chances to recant his decision, but if he refuses, he is subject to the death penalty. But what about the United Nations Universal Declaration on Human Rights? Don’t all members of the UN acknowledge those rights?
Well, no. Not the Muslim members anyway. In 1990, the Muslim nations of the world, all members of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (recently re-named Organization of Islamic Cooperation, OIC), met in Cairo, Egypt to disown the Universal Declaration on Human Rights and to establish their own in its stead. Here is what the Cairo Declaration says about human rights: