US group accuses Vietnam of persecution
Celebration of Christmas in Vietnam a mixed bag
By Matt Steinglass
11/10/09 Vietnam (RadicalParty)– Although Christmas celebrations are increasingly common among Vietnam’s roughly 8 million Christians, a US-based advocacy organization said the Vietnamese government was trying to prevent ethnic minorities in the country’s Central Highlands from celebrating the holiday.
The Montagnard Foundation in Spartanburg, S.C., which champions the rights of the hill tribes, alleged this week that security forces had massed in 62 villages in the Central Highlands to prevent Christmas celebrations. But pastors of several churches contacted by telephone said they had not seen attempts to rein in holiday observances.
”I’ve had no difficulty with local authorities,” said the Rev. Tran Van Bay of the Catholic Duc An Church, in Gia Lai province. He expected between 2,000 and 2,500 worshipers at Christmas services and said there had been no objections to the electric-lit Nativity scene the congregation had erected.
Mai Hai, pastor of the Evangelical Church in the highland city of Buon Ma Thuot, expected about half of his 300 congregants at Christmas services. Local authorities did require Hai to register for a permit.
”I always have to register for any irregular service, apart from Sundays,” Hai said.
Churches and missionary organizations in the United States have long accused the Vietnamese government of violating the religious freedom of the Montagnards. The most serious recent incidents took place during Easter 2004, when antigovernment protests by thousands of Montagnards in the city of Pleiku were forcibly suppressed.
In recent years, many of the Montagnards have joined small, Western-backed evangelical churches that are not recognized by the government’s Office of Religious Affairs. Experts on Vietnamese religion say it is these unregistered churches, rather than mainstream denominations, that suffer from official repression in the predominantly Buddhist country.
Such repression allegedly ranges from denying permits to build churches to compelling believers to renounce their faith.
Vietnam’s 2005 Ordinance on Religion bans forced renunciations of faith, but the US-based rights organization Freedom House says the practice has taken place recently in remote areas.