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ICC NOTE: The very least Bashir and his administration could do is adhere to their part of the agreement, but unfortunately they are dragging their feet. The NCP continues to reject an independent commission which under the deal determined Sudan ‘s two main oil fields are in the south. The commission was part of the CPA agreement.

South hits out at north on Sudan peace anniversary

Reuters

09 Jan 2007

JUBA, Sudan- Two years after the triumphant signing of Sudan’s north-south peace deal, the president of south Sudan Salva Kiir accused the Khartoum government on Tuesday of failing to meet its terms.

Reflecting growing uncertainty over the future of the accord which ended Africa ‘s longest civil war, Kiir and Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir exchanged heated words in speeches to mark the deal’s second anniversary.

Analysts say escalating militia attacks in the south and continued disputes over ownership of Sudan’s oil fields — mainly located in the south — could cause the peace deal to collapse just two years after it was signed on Jan 9, 2005.

Kiir and Bashir addressed a crowd of tens of thousands of people who gathered in south Sudan ‘s capital Juba for the event.

“The (deal) ensured a radical change in Sudanese politics (and) equitable and transparent share of wealth and resources. Has this happened? The answer is incredibly no!” Kiir said in a long and critical speech.

Bashir said not all the blame lay with his National Congress Party (NCP) and that the former southern rebel Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) was also responsible for delays.

“For six months we waited in Khartoum for our brothers in the SPLM to come,” he said in his speech. “In the end we paid $60 million for these people to come.”

Sudan ‘s north-south civil war killed 2 million people and drove more than 4 million from their homes, sparking refugee crises in neighboring countries.

It also exacerbated a rebellion in Uganda as the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) rebels sought refuge from Kampala in lawless south Sudan .

OIL DISPUTE

Sudan ‘s civil war broadly pitted the Islamist Khartoum government against mostly animist, Christian rebels, complicated by issues of oil, ethnicity and ideology.

The 2005 deal formed a national coalition government, a semi-autonomous southern authority, and ensured power and wealth-sharing. Separate north and south armies were formed and the south can vote on secession by 2011.

Yasir Arman, the SPLM’s deputy secretary-general for north Sudan , warned this week that failure to fully implement the accord would lead southerners to vote for independence.

Sudan ‘s oil wealth, its output of 330,000 barrels per day of crude accounts for more than half the nation’s budget, forms a key part of the agreement.

But the dominant NCP continues to reject an independent commission which under the deal determined Sudan ‘s two main oil fields are in the south.

It has also not agreed on a border demarcation which would determine whether the oil belongs to the north or the south.

“These will be reasons for war in case the majority of the people of the South will choose in favour of independence,” said Sudan ‘s top U.N. envoy Jan Pronk on his Web log in December.

Kiir also accused the northern Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) of continuing to support the LRA and other armed groups, saying it was alarming.

He said support from the SAF to militias in the south caused clashes between the north and south Sudan armies in the town of Malakal late last year which killed 150 people.

Bashir said the government had dealt with 30,000 of the 40,000 militiamen in the south but said that such a large job could not be done overnight.