Benedict on Islam
For the full article, go to Commonweal Magazine.
Pope Benedict XVI has issued a series of apologies for the ill-conceived remarks made in an academic lecture in which he quoted a medieval Christian emperor who called Islam evil and inhuman. At least in one sense, then, the pope appears to agree with those who charged him with misrepresenting the teachings of Islam and offending its adherents.
It is hard to make sense of this incident, especially given Benedicts reputation for intellectual clarity and forthrightness. I wished to explain that not religion and violence, but religion and reason, go together, Benedict said in trying to calm the uproar.
Some Catholic commentators, eager to align this pontificate with U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East and the tendentious contention that the world is now embroiled in a apocalyptic clash of civilizations, rushed to the popes defense. According to these pundits, Benedict was right and brave hard-headed and serious in criticizing Islams encouragement of religious violence.
To be sure, Benedict has rightly condemned Islamic radicalism in the past and challenged the suppression of religious freedom for Christians in Islamic countries.
That many Islamic radicals turn to the Quran to justify violence cannot be disputed. The burning of Christian churches and death threats against the pope following the lecture only confirm that ugly fact. Islamic leaders must unequivocally reject such reactions. But if, as some argue, Benedicts purpose was to forcefully engage Islamists, why did he then apologize for his remarks?
A more benign explanation for the popes gaffe is that he is still new to the papacy and has not yet come to terms with how his every word will be scrutinized. Assuming the role of political and pastoral head of a church that is also a state is an adjustment. Benedict is now a diplomat and leader of the Catholic Church as well as a theologian, and the sorts of careful distinctions an academic theologian makes can cause confusion when issued by a head of state.
Anyone who reads the popes lecture will be reminded that he is a formidable thinker. His erudite paper on the connection between reason and faith was not intended for general consumption. By not carefully distinguishing his own thinking from the inflammatory quotation he employed, he provoked unnecessary suspicion among his Islamic listeners. Moreover, in seeming to point to a propensity for violence within Islam while conspicuously failing to mention Christianitys own historical failures in this regard, he appeared to be making an accusation rather than a philosophical argument.
This aversion to grappling with the churchs own violent history seems characteristic of Benedicts deeply eschatological understanding of the church and his often ahistorical approach to theology. For example, during his visit to
To be honest, the pope fudges a bit in distancing himself from the quotation he used to criticize Islam. His lecture endorses the emperors assessment at several points. Still, a fair-minded reading of the popes remarks shows him to be more concerned about the threat posed by radical skepticism and Western secularism than by Islam.