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China Aid (04/18/06) Report on PRC’s Torture and Inhumane Treatment of

Chinese Evangelical Christians in 2005

To Read the Entire Press Release and Report Click Here: China Aid

Introduction

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the United Nations on December 10, 1948. Article V states:

“No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.”

The 1984, the Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT) defines torture as:

“(A)ny act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him or a third person information or a confession, punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed, or intimidating or coercing him or a third person, or for any reason based on discrimination of any kind, when such pain and suffering is inflicted by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity. It does not include pain or suffering arising only from, inherent in or incidental to lawful sanctions (Part I, Article I).”

Torture is internationally recognized as illegal. It is a denial of some of the most basic of human rights. Its occurrence in any nation, especially on a widespread and regular basis, is an extremely serious matter and deserves the concern and attention of the international community.

Although international laws condemning torture exist and have been ratified by nations that include China , in 1996 China adopted its own laws forbidding torture. Specific laws which exist in PRC’s Criminal Law are as follows:

Article 247. Any judicial officer who extorts confession from a criminal suspect or defendant by torture or extorts testimony from a witness by violence shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than three years or criminal detention. If he causes injury, disability or death to the victim, he shall be convicted and given a heavier punishment in accordance with the provisions of Article 234 or 232 of this Law.

Article 248. Any policeman or other officer of an institution of confinement like a prison, a detention house or a custody house who beats a prisoner or maltreats him by subjecting him to corporal punishment, if the circumstances are serious shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than three years or criminal detention; if the circumstances are especially serious, he shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than three years but not more than 10 years. If he causes injury, disability or death to the victim, he shall be convicted and given a heavier punishment in accordance with the provisions of Article 234 or 232 of this Law.

Any policeman or other officer who instigates a person held in custody to beat or maltreat another person held in custody by subjecting him to corporal punishment, the policeman or officer shall be punished in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph.

Despite the condemnation of torture nationally and internationally, the implementation of torture remains widespread in China today. This demonstrates the sharp contrast between how arbitrarily justice is administered in the PRC as compared to their own written laws and how inconsistent the PRC’s government authorities are in obeying their own written laws.

This report will highlight and summarize some of the most egregious cases of brutality and state-sponsored torture of Evangelical Christians during 2005 that have been documented by the China Aid Association (CAA). This report is by no means an exhaustive report; rather, it is meant to provide clear and concise details of what occurs on a regular basis within the PRC’s borders.

For Full Report Click Here: China Aid

Released

China Aid Association, Texas (Bob Fu, President)

Institute of Religion and Public Policy (Joe K. Grieboski, President)

Jubilee Campaign , USA (Ann Buwalda, Executive Director)

Midland Ministerial Alliance (Rev. Roy Smith, President)

April, 2006